Simon Gregson talks about wife’s ectopic pregnancy

Simon Gregson has opened up about the moment his wife was left fighting for her life after she suffered a ruptured ectopic pregnancy.

The Coronation Street star, 43, described his partner Emma as being ‘two hours away from death’ after she was rushed to hospital for emergency surgery last September.

The actor also revealed his decision to have a vasectomy, as the couple candidly talked to OK! about their 12 devastating miscarriages. 

Heartbreaking: Simon Gregson has opened up about the moment his wife was left fighting for her life after she suffered a ruptured ectopic pregnancy

The couple, who are proud parents to sons, Alfie, 10, Harry, eight, and Henry Teddy, two, made the decision to not have any more children after Emma’s near-death encounter.

‘They told me Emma would’ve died if it had been left for a few more hours’, Simon told the publication. ‘She was literally two hours away from death.’

Emma, who was unaware she was pregnant at the time and blamed stomach pain on constipation, feared she would never see her three sons again.

She said: ‘As they were taking me down to theatre I just kept thinking, I’m going to die – this is it, I’m not going to make it. 

Scary: The Coronation Street star, 43, described his partner as being ‘two hours from death’ after she was rushed to hospital for surgery last September (pictured in November 2016)

‘As they were prepping me for surgery I had to keep signing lots of forms. I just felt devastated and so overwhelmed. It was the most frightening time I’ve ever had.

‘I was petrified. I thought I was never going to see my sons ever again.’ 

‘I think as Emma has come so close to death, that’s it for us.’ Simon said. ‘We originally thought Emma couldn’t carry girls, but she so desperately wanted a little girl. 

‘I would love her to have one – but now, after nearly losing her, I’m going in and having the snip.’

Their latest heartache comes after Simon announced he suffered 11 miscarriages on Twitter last January after a cruel troll approached his wife. 

Happy families: The couple made the brave decision to not have any more children after Emma’s near-death encounter (pictured in 2014)

Simon, was is in the midst of a Coronation Street storyline in which his character Steve McDonald, was faced with his partner Michelle Connor suffering a stillbirth.

The plot lead to a mass of controversy from fans with some turning their attention to his personal life.

In his retaliation to the online comments, he wrote: ‘To the £&)(; who tweeted my wife. We’ve lost 11 baby’s 1st being 21 weeks 4 days. Maybe think or do your research before tweeting someone. (sic)

Emma previously divulged limited information about their tragedy after losing Teddy’s twin in the early stages of pregnancy, saying: ‘Sadly only one of the twins survived. We’re very lucky to have this one.’ 

 Read the full story in this week’s OK! Magazine – on sale on Monday.

Art imitating life: Simon was flooded with praise for handling Michelle Connor and Steve McDonald’s Coronation Street storyline, which saw them suffer a miscarriage

Source

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-5380819/Simon-Gregson-talks-wifes-ectopic-pregnancy.html

You Can Rent Maternity Clothes! – ModernMom

Maternity clothes are a pain in the ass – to buy, to wear, the whole deal. Right? Not only is it overpriced, you end up only wearing it for a few months and then you never want to see the clothes again. In fact, at the end of my last pregnancy, I tossed the dresses because they were so worn out, and I was completely sick of seeing them. Well, now, you can rent your maternity wear — from cocktail dresses to casual wear, and including high priced designer items. Would you do it? Here’s how it works…

Sign Up

All you have to do is sign up on rentmaternitywear.com and you are eligible to rent a dress for any occasion. The site trusts it’s customers and gives them the benefit of the doubt when it comes to who registers. Once signed up, you can rent up to 6 dresses at a time!

Why Do It?

Besides the above nuisances about maternity wear, rentmaternitywear.com’s selection is actually current so you’re not renting things that were in season last year — you are renting real designers from current collections.

How it Works?

Basically, you sign up, order the dresses you want and voila. Basically, you are renting them per week – so it’s roughly $25 a week but if you want a guaranteed new dress with tags, it’s $60. We’re wondering though, $25 a week, $100 a month – would it be more economical to actually buy a dress? That way you have something to show for it. Also, renting a dress you have no control over stains or anything else, and how do you know a dress will fit and look good before renting? The plus side of that of course, is that you can order and if it doesn’t fit you will not be charged for a return shipping fee – you just order another one and they send it.

Would You Rent?

So…would you rent maternity wear? Or is it just money wasted?

Source

https://www.modernmom.com/39652a8c-48c3-11e3-87f1-bc764e04a41e.html

Sugar Pregnancy Test in Hindi: Garbhavastha Parikshan Kare

Garbhavastha ki janch (Pregnancy Test) karne ke liye kai tarah ki kit bajar mai aasani se uplabdh ho jati hai, tatha iske alawa bhi kai aese upkaran hai jo aapko yeh pata karne mai madad karte hai ki aap pregnant (Garbhavati) hai ya nahi. Lekin kai aesi jagah bhi hai jaha parikshan tantra aasani se nahi milte.

Khas kar gavo mai inka milna thoda mushkil hota hai. Kuch mahilaye ghar par hi pregnancy test karne ki koshish karti hai kyonki unke pas hospital ki suvidha nahi hoti hai aur na hi koi medical store hota hai ki unhe pregnancy kit aasani se mil jaye. Lekin aap iss bat ki chinta mat kijiye ki aapke aas pas medical store aur clinic hai ya nahi.

Hum aapko aesa tarika batane ja rahe hai, jiske dwara aap ghar par hi pata laga sakti hai ki aap garbhavati hai ya nahi. Aap sugar ki sahayata se ghar mai garbhavati hone ki janch kar sakti hai tatha yeh aapke liye nuksan dayak bhi nahi hoga to janne ke liye padhe Sugar Pregnancy Test in Hindi.
 

Sugar Pregnancy Test in Hindi: Jane Kya Aap Garbhavati Hai

 
Sugar Pregnancy Test in Hindi
 
Jab bhi aap garbhavastha parikshan karte hai to yeh parinam sakaratmak tab hota hai jab aapke urine mai pregnancy hormones aur HCG dikhai de. Mahila mai upastith HCG Hormones ki matra ki tadat nirdharit karti hai ki mahila garbhavati hai ya nahi.

Jab mahila garbhavati hoti hai usme pregnancy hormone HCG bahut adhik matra mai dikhai deta hai. Aur yeh iss bat ki pushti kar deta hai ki mahila garbhavati hai.

Aap garbhavati hai ya nahi iska pata lagne ke liye sabse accha samay subah ka hota hai. Iss janch ko karne ke liye subah ke urine se janch kare, dhyan rakhe uthne ke bad na hi aap pani piye aur na hi kuch khaye jaise aap uthte hai washroom mai jakar iss test ko kare.
 

Jane Kaise Kare Test?

  1. Iss test ko karne ke liye 1 disposal le aur usme 2 se 3 chammach shakkar dale.
  2. Ab shakkar ke disposal mai aapka urin dale aur kuch der dekhe.
  3. Iske bad dekhe ki shakkar aur urin aapas mai ghul rahe hai ya nahi.
  4. Yadi shakkar puri tarah se ghul jaye to samajh lijiye aapka test negative hai.
  5. Agar shakkar puri tarah guccho mai ho jaye samajh le ki aapka test positive hai.
  6. Iska sahi parinam janne ke liye subah subah ka urine prayog mai laye.

Pregnancy Test Ko Jachte Samay Dhyan Rakhe

Jab bhi aap Pregnancy Test at Home karne wali hai to kuch chije aapke dimag mai hona bahut jaruri hai. Jaise jab aapne sugar se pregnancy test kiya hai aur jo bhi parinaam aaya hai to ek baar doctor se janch karwaye aur iss baat ki pushti kar le.

  • Kyonki ho sakata hai jo bhi parinaam aaya hai wo ek dam sahi na ho. Yadi aap garbhavati hai to aese samay mai aapko aapke swasth ka dhyan rakhna bahut jaruri hai aur aap inn sab baaton par dhyan na de.
  • Yadi aap gharelu nuskho se garbhavati hone ka parikshan karti hai to buddhimani se janch kare taaki aapko iske koi nuksan na ho.
  • Kai log pregnancy test karne ke liye sabse jyada bleach ka istemal karte hai aur yeh aapke liye hanikark hota hai isliye jab bhi aap ghar par iss baat ka praikshan karne ka soche aap sugar ka istemal kare taki aapko kisi tarah ka koi nuksan na ho.

 
Upar apne jana Sugar Pregnancy Test in Hindi. Uprokt di gai jankari ko dhyan mai rakhte huye iss test ko kare taki aap ek safal parikshan pa sake aur aapko pata chal jaye ki aap garbhavati hai ya nahi. Ise aap ghar par bahut aasani se kar sakte hai.

The Early Symptoms of An Ectopic Pregnancy

It is very crucial for child-bearing women to know more what is an ectopic pregnancy, it’s causes and the treatment management.

Some women may not experience symptoms at first…until an early scan shows or they may develop serious symptoms later on.

What is an Ectopic Pregnancy?

An Ectopic Pregnancy is a pregnancy where the baby is developing outside of the uterus, usually in one of the fallopian tubes.

via Daily Health Directory

So during your monthly menstrual cycle, the egg is released from the ovaries, and travels down the fallopian tube, hoping to meet a sperm on the way.  In most cases, the egg fertilises, then travels down the uterus before implanting and growing forming a normal pregnancy.

In the case of an Ectopic Pregnancy, once the egg has been fertilised by the sperm, the embryo ’embeds’ itself into the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.

Unfortunately, the embryo usually almost always dies as the developing placenta cannot access the rich blood supply the uterus would provide, and the fallopian tube is not large enough to support the growing baby.

Ectopic Pregnancies are very dangerous to the mother. In one out of five cases, the fallopian tube ruptures causing internal bleeding and shock. This is a medical emergency needing immediate surgery and, in some cases, a blood transfusion.

An ectopic pregnancy can also develop in the cervix (entrance to the womb), the abdominal cavity and the ovary itself, but these cases are rare. Around five in 1,000 pregnancies are ectopic.

via Medscape

Symptoms of an Ectopic Pregnancy

The symptoms of an Ectopic Pregnancy can mimic miscarriage or the symptoms of other reproductive disorders such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or endometriosis.  In the first four weeks of the embryo’s life, the pregnancy will appear as normal.  However, after the four-week mark, the embryo is large enough to start noticeable symptoms.  Some of these symptoms include:

The symptoms of ectopic pregnancy can include:

  • the usual signs of pregnancy, such as missed period, morning sickness and breast tenderness
  • pain in the lower abdomen
  • pain in the lower back
  • cramps on one side of the pelvis
  • vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • sudden and severe pain in the lower abdomen (if the fallopian tube ruptures).

How to Get an Ectopic Pregnancy Diagnosed?

It is an unfortunate fact that around one in five cases of Ectopic Pregnancy, the pregnancy is diagnosed in the Emergency Room as the fallopian tube has ruptured.  However, if you are very early in your pregnancy, an Ectopic Pregnancy can be detected using the following range of tests or procedures:

  • A pelvic examination
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Laparoscopy (‘keyhole’ surgery).

    Next Page: Prevention and cure…

 

Pregnancy Test After IVF is Positive! What’s Next?

pregnancy-test-after-IVF_.jpgYou’ve been waiting for this for so long and at last your pregnancy test after IVF is positive. Now what happens? Well, in spite of the fact that you might want to shout the good news from a rooftop, it is probably best to be cautiously optimistic for now. A positive pregnancy test is just one step in the IVF process. You’ve cleared another hurdle, but there are still a few more to go.

A pregnancy test measures the amount of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in your blood. This is a hormone that is secreted when you are pregnant. Many patients ask what is a “good” number to have on a first pregnancy test after IVF, and they want to know what their hCG level means. Any level greater than 5 is considered positive, but there’s no magic number. What is most important is that the level continues to increase. That is why we check it again in 2-3 days. As a general rule, we are expecting the amount of hCG to nearly double about every 48 hours. If that does not occur, your doctor will likely repeat the blood test in 2 days to check it again.

Sometimes, if the hCG level may not rise appropriately. This may or may not be a problem. Some pregnancies may start as a twin, but only one of the embryos may continue to progress. In this case, after what seems to be an abnormal rise in the hCG levels, subsequent levels go up steadily.

If serial hCG levels do not rise appropriately, this could be an indication of an early miscarriage (“chemical pregnancy”). This means that the embryo implanted and started to grow, but then stopped developing very early, so the only sign of pregnancy is the hCG level – the chemical.

If the level of hCG does rise appropriately, we will have you return in one week. At this time, we will check both the hCG level and perform your first OB ultrasound. You will be approximately 5 weeks pregnant, and your hCG level is usually about 1,000. We are generally able to visualize one or more gestational sacs in the uterus which further confirms that your pregnancy is progressing well.

If your hCG level is rising, but there is no gestational sac visible in the uterus then your doctor would be concerned about a possible ectopic pregnancy. This occurs when the embryo implants in a place other than the uterus (usually a fallopian tube), and it would not be a viable pregnancy. The chance of this happening, however, is only about 2%.

If there is a gestational sac seen in the uterus, then you will return the following week for another ultrasound. At this time, we are usually able to detect the heartbeat of the fetus. What a glorious sound! The ultrasound tech will also measure the size of the fetus so that it can be compared to measurements in subsequent ultrasounds. All of this helps assure you that your pregnancy is progressing normally.

So once you have a positive pregnancy test, remember the road to parenthood is not a sprint, but rather a 9 month marathon until you cross the finish line and hold your precious baby for the very first time!

To see a fertility specialist who is a board-certified physician with excellent success rates, make an appointment at one of InVia’s four Chicago area fertility clinics.

Source

http://www.inviafertility.com/blog/ivf/janetchiaramonte/congratulations-your-pregnancy-test-is-positive-whats-next/#comments-listing

Vinorelbine tablets: New ectopic pregnancy treatment trialled

Early can be both an exciting time, and a terrifying time for many women.

For women at an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, there have been some interesting developments that are very promising.

Translational Obstetrics Group (TOG) researchers based at Mercy Hospital for Women and the University of Melbourne have discovered a potential new way to treat ectopic pregnancy. 

It could all be solved with a few tablets

“Currently, most ectopic pregnancies are treated surgically,” TOG Researcher Roxanne Hastie explained. “While this is safe, surgery still carries significant risks and is a costly option. The surgical removal of an ectopic pregnancy often involves removing the entire fallopian tube, which can impact on a woman’s chances of falling pregnant again.”

Injection of a chemotherapy drug called Methotrexate is one medical alternative, however, it is not always effective, and is limited to use in the very early stages of the ectopic pregnancy.

With approximately 5,000 Australian women experiencing an ectopic pregnancy each year, a less invasive and more reliable alternative would be welcome news to many women.

Protecting future fertility

A tablet called Vinorelbine — which is used to treat a variety of cancers with minimal side effects, and safely used on an ongoing basis — has been found to be 100 to 1,000 times more potent in the laboratory when compared to Methotrexate.

Researchers have also found that treating mice with a high dose of Vinorelbine did not affect their ability to fall pregnant. When the research extended into human fallopian tubes, Vinorelbine continued to be promising by showing no signs of damage to them.

Hastie said, “The remarkable possibility exists that the drug may be so potent just a few tablets could be enough to treat the majority of ectopic pregnancies without affecting a woman’s fertility.”

About ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy is an extremely serious and potentially life-threatening condition where the fertilised egg implants inside the fallopian tube instead of the uterus.

It is also known as a tubal pregnancy, and while all steps are taken to preserve a woman’s future fertility, removing an ectopic pregnancy also requires removing the fallopian tube in most cases.

Once you have had an ectopic pregnancy, your chances of having another goes from 1 in 100 to 1 in 10 and this statistic continues to grow with each ectopic pregnancy. It is therefore, understandably, a common source of anxiety in women who are considered to be higher risk.

While Vinorelbine is yet to be clinically tested in humans consuming it orally to specifically treat ectopic pregnancy, the findings so far are extremely promising.

The team at Mercy Hospital for Women has collaborated with colleagues in New Zealand to begin a clinical trial to test whether oral Vinorelbine alone could be used to treat ectopic pregnancy. Let’s hope the trials go well and we can soon treat ectopic pregnancy with less trauma to women that are already experiencing more than enough.

A few tablets could potentially treat ectopic pregnancy

Claire Haiek |

Researchers in Melbourne have discovered a potential new way to treat ectopic pregnancy, that could replace the need for surgery.

Source

http://www.kidspot.com.au/birth/pregnancy/pregnancy-health/a-few-tablets-could-potentially-treat-ectopic-pregnancy/news-story/7e5b1a9e918f7ca449c6d5554bc76cf6

Faint Line On A Pregnancy Test – What Does It Mean? | BellyBelly

Got a faint line on a pregnancy test and not sure what it means?

Taking a home pregnancy test is a pretty simple task.

But sometimes the results can leave you none the wiser.

This is especially true when the line on the pregnancy test is faint.

Many women wonder whether a faint line on a pregnancy test is actually positive or not.

Faint Line On A Pregnancy Test – What Does It Mean?

When you’re hoping for a positive pregnancy result, a faint line on a pregnancy test can be really frustrating.

It can bring on concerns about miscarriage or other problems.

Find out what a faint line on a pregnancy test really means.

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Home Pregnancy Tests

A home pregnancy test (HPT) is an easy and pretty accurate way to find out whether or not you’re pregnant.

Many of the pregnancy tests on the market today are very sensitive.

They can detect a pregnancy much earlier than the HPTs of the past.

A pregnancy test detects levels of human Chorionic Gondotrophin (hCG).

This is a hormone produced by the fertilised egg (called a blastocyst at this early stage) when it implants into the uterus.

Implantation usually happens about day 6 after fertilisation.

Pregnancy tests detect levels of hCG in your urine. The amount of hCG needed varies from test to test.

Some tests detect hCG levels as low as 10 IU/ml.

Exactly when hCG can be detected really depends on each individual woman.

The numbers below, however, are typical of most pregnancies.

Remember these figures are referring to the number of weeks from your last menstrual period:

This tells us that around the time you would expect your next period, a sensitive HPT can detect hCG if it is present.

Is That A Faint Line On A Pregnancy Test?

So you’ve followed the instructions to the letter and now you’re staring at that pregnant test as hard as you can.

You’re sure there’s a line.

At this point women who are hoping to see a line often show it to someone else, for another opinion.

On birth and pregnancy forums there are literally millions of pictures of pregnancy tests, captioned: ‘Can you see a line?’

The line might be so faint as to be almost invisible.

You might need strong light and reading glasses to detect it.

What Does A Faint Line On A Pregnancy Test Mean?

As mentioned above, pregnancy tests are designed to pick up hCG in your urine.

A faint line on a pregnancy test is telling you hCG has been detected.

This almost certainly means you’re pregnant.

Most women prefer to be absolutely certain, though, and really want to see a much darker line on their pregnancy test.

Remember pregnancy tests designed to pick up very low levels of hCG can detect the hormone very soon after you’ve conceived.

Implantation happens usually about a week after sperm fertilises an egg.

It can take longer, however, even up to 12 days after fertilisation.

And you might have ovulated later than you thought, which can also add on time.

The longer you wait after implantation, the higher your hCG levels will be.

The more hCG present in your urine, the darker the line you will see on your pregnancy test.

Does A Faint Line On A Pregnancy Test Mean I’m Pregnant?

Although home pregnancy tests are reliably accurate most of the time, in some situations you can have a ‘false positive’.

For example:

Chemical pregnancy: This occurs when a fertilised egg doesn’t grow. It can happen because of problems with the uterus, abnormal hormone levels, infections, or after IVF.

Blood clotting and thyroid disorders increase the risk of chemical pregnancy; so does being over 35.

It is considered an early pregnancy loss, which usually occurs around 5 weeks, after a pregnancy test can detect hCG.

Ectopic pregnancy: This occurs when a fertilised egg implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.

An ectopic pregnancy can also occur in the cervix, ovary, or abdominal cavity.

The embryo can’t survive and grow outside the uterus but will produce hCG.

Ectopic pregnancies can be life threatening and need immediate treatment.

Missed miscarriage: This occurs when an egg is fertilised, implants and then fails to grow.

It could be because an embryo didn’t form or failed to progress. Most commonly this happens due to chromosomal problems.

You won’t be aware something has gone wrong because you haven’t had any of the usual signs of miscarriage, such as bleeding and cramps.

Your hCG levels will start to drop but it can take up to six weeks before the hCG is undetectable.

It’s possible to have a positive pregnancy test result, even though the pregnancy hasn’t continued.

Can A Faint Line Mean I’m Not Pregnant?

It’s not very common but false positives sometimes happen when there’s no pregnancy.

This is usually due to user error rather than anything else.

A false positive is possible if you haven’t followed instructions properly.

Taking the test too early might result in a false positive or false negative.

It’s always best to wait, at least until the time you expect your period.

Often women retest frequently in the hope of getting a more concrete answer.

Your hCG levels fluctuate during the day and can depend on how diluted your urine is.

Always test when your urine is likely to be concentrated.

That’s the reason why most pregnancy test instructions suggest you test first thing in the morning when you wake up.

If you leave the test in your urine for too long it can also skew the results.

And definitely don’t read the test after the allotted amount of time.

You’re likely to see a positive which is, in fact, what is known as an evaporation or ‘evap’ line.

An evap line is a faint line that appears after a negative pregnancy test has dried.

Tests that show two line results have what are known as ‘indent’ lines where the ink pools.

One line is for the control line and one is for the positive result (if there is one).

As the ink moves across the results window, it will collect in one or both of these indents.

Sometimes, as the test dries and the urine evaporates, it leaves a faint colourless line in the indent.

What Should I Do If I Have A Faint Line On A Pregnancy Test?

If you have done a home pregnancy test and have a faint line in the results window, you might be wondering what to do.

It might be simply too early, and there isn’t enough hCG in your urine to detect.

Wait a few more days, preferably until you have missed your period, and take another test.

If it’s important to know immediately whether or not you are pregnant, you can have a blood test, which is much more reliable at detecting hCG.

How Can I Avoid Getting A Faint Line On A Pregnancy Test?

The best way to avoid the frustration or disappointment at getting a faint line on a pregnancy test is to:

What If The Faint Line Isn’t Getting Darker?

It’s assumed because hCG levels increase during early pregnancy, pregnancy tests will get darker over time.

However this isn’t necessarily the case.

A home pregnancy test will most likely be darker when your urine has high concentrations of hCG.

However multiple tests to check the colour of the line aren’t a reliable way to check the progress of early pregnancy.

The concentration of hCG fluctuates during the day, depending on how much fluid you’re drinking, how often you urinate and other factors.

Less concentrated urine means the line on pregnancy tests might remain faint.

If you’re concerned, see your doctor, who will arrange for you to have blood tests to monitor hCG levels over a period of time.

Recommended Reading:

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Source

https://www.bellybelly.com.au/pregnancy/faint-line-on-a-pregnancy-test-what-does-it-mean/

Clawed Frogs: Nature’s Pregnancy Test

Mating and breeding are fundamental aspects of surviving as a species and although many animals have breeding seasons, humans as a species, do not. This means that women don’t have specific times during the year in which they are more fertile and willing to engage in mating in order to get pregnant. Instead, we go through monthly fertile cycles between the first menstruation (menarche) and menopause. This is good on one hand because it is not necessary to wait for a specific month or months of the year in order to get pregnant but also bad because, as it can occur at any given time, women might fail to notice they are pregnant and not take basic pre-natal care to ensure the survival and best development of the baby.

Old school pregnancy tests

For many reasons it quickly became important to find out if a woman was pregnant or not as soon as possible. Was the queen finally going to provide an heir? Was the future virgin bride not so virgin after all? Was the husband that had just come back from the sea really the father? Being able to tell, with a certain accuracy, if a woman was pregnant or not would solve many problems but we still have no idea how our (very ancient) ancestors were doing it (if they were at all) since no information was ever found. We are aware however that the first known pregnancy test started to be used in the ancient Egyptian and Greek cultures with the use of urine and grains. They would introduce, on one side, urine of the lady that wanted to find out if she was pregnant, and on the other side (as the control subject) the urine of a priest, on bags of barley and wheat. Both bags would be observed for how long germination would occur. If a lady was with child her grains would sprout a lot faster than the priest (we could easily infer he would not be pregnant).

Throughout history many other “urine analysis” techniques were used to find out if women were pregnant, some of them more scientific than others; but it wasn’t until the last century that animals started to be used in the procedure.

With the discovery that the hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) hormone was produced by the placenta during the first trimester of pregnancy, scientists were able to design a better and more reliable way to test for pregnancy.

This discovery, in the 1930’s, boosted the development of pregnancy test worldwide with very big implications. For the first time in known history, scientists were using live animals such as mice and even rabbits for their testing. Infantile females (non-sexually mature) were injected with the urine of the woman to be tested and later on killed and dissected in order to look for the presence of ovulation in the animal. The ovulation would have been triggered by the hCG presence in the injected urine of pregnant women and would pose as a positive result.

This method, however, meant that for every tested woman we would end up with a dead mouse or rabbit. Luckily for humanity shortly after, still in the 1930’s, a gentleman named Lancelot Hogben found out that he could use a specific genus of frogs, the Xenopus, to get the same results but without having to kill the animal.

Xenopus: 1930’s-1950’s pregnancy test

Clawed frogs (Xenopus) were subjected to the same method; the urine of the woman was injected in its dorsal lymph sac and if the frog produced eggs in the first 12 to 24 hours the woman was with child. The big difference between mice and rabbits and these frog species is that amphibians, unlike mammals, have external fertilization so the new eggs could be easily observed without having to kill and dissect the animal.

By the 1940’s, this test, named the “Hogben Test” in honour of its discoverer, was already widely used in hospitals.

Many facts helped this method achieve worldwide recognition:

  • It was extremely accurate
  • It was very easy to perform
  • Results were achieved in 12-24 hours
  • The frogs were easily bred
  • The frogs were conveniently kept in aquariums
  • Amphibians in general have large eggs which can be easily examined and manipulated
  • Eggs are released outside the animal (they use external fertilization)
  • Clawed frogs reacted to the hCG hormone released by pregnant women
  • Since the frogs didn’t have to be killed and dissected in order to have their eggs examined, they could be used multiple times
Clawed Frogs: Nature’s Pregnancy Test

What You Need to Know About Ectopic Pregnancy – Pregnant Chicken

Pretty much anytime your doctor uses the word “pregnancy” with an adjective before it, things can get pretty stressful, pretty quickly. If you’ve ever found yourself having to Google the term “ectopic”, you’ll know that it basically means that something’s decided to hang out in a place that it just wasn’t meant to be, and in the case of an ectopic pregnancy, that something is a fertilized egg.

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

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As you may have learned sometime in elementary school, each month, one of your ovaries releases an egg which travels down the fallopian tube within a 24 hour period. If that egg is fertilized, it spends about 4 days in the fallopian tube making its way to the uterus, where it implants into your uterine lining so it can grow into a baby. In about 1-2% of pregnancies, the egg implants somewhere other than the uterine lining. This is known as an ectopic pregnancy. While the most common type of ectopic pregnancy involves the fertilized egg implanting in the fallopian tube, it is also possible for it to implant in an ovary, abdominal cavity, or the cervix. Unfortunately, there is no way for a fertilized egg to survive outside of the uterus, and science hasn’t yet found a way to successfully transfer an ectopic pregnancy into the uterus.

What are the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy?

The symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy can show up anywhere from six to eight weeks after your last period and beyond, depending on the area of implantation. If you’ve taken a pregnancy test with a positive result, you may suspect an ectopic pregnancy if you are experiencing the most common symptoms, which are light vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain. Other symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy could include painful nausea and vomiting, sharp abdominal cramps or pain on one side of your body. If you’ve got shoulder pain, weakness, dizziness, extreme lightheadedness, fainting, severe abdominal pain, or find yourself in shock (low blood pressure, weak and rapid pulse, pale skin, and/or confusion), get to the hospital yesterday, as these are likely signs of a ruptured fallopian tube.

What are the tests to confirm an ectopic pregnancy?

If you think you might have an ectopic pregnancy, book an appointment with your doctor to discuss your symptoms and get checked out. A blood hormone test to confirm your pregnancy will be given, in addition to a pelvic exam. A transvaginal ultrasound will likely be ordered to determine the location of the gestational sac; if the embryo is not found in the uterus during the ultrasound, an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage could be the cause, but you may also simply be in the earliest stages of a healthy pregnancy. Because ectopic pregnancies can be difficult to diagnose with total certainty on an ultrasound scan, repeated blood tests can be performed to monitor pregnancy hormone levels, which rise more slowly in an ectopic pregnancy than a typical pregnancy (yay! More needles!).

What can cause an ectopic pregnancy?

If the size or shape of the fallopian tube has been altered through damage, infection or inflammation, a fertilized egg can get stuck while traveling through the tube. Hormonal imbalance, uterine and tubal malfunction, or abnormal development of the fertilized egg could also be factors in an ectopic pregnancy.

There are risk factors that can increase the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy.
These risk factors may include:

There are three options for treating an ectopic pregnancy.

First of all, take a deep breath. It’s going to be okay.

The first, least invasive, option is “expectant management”. Because some ectopic pregnancies don’t rupture and instead are able to reabsorb on their own with minimal pain and bleeding, it is possible to let your body resolve itself under the close observation of a doctor. If the pregnancy is in the very early stages or has not survived, the pregnancy hormone is falling, there is no blood in the abdomen and you have no pain, it may be possible to ask to let things play out this way.

If the ectopic pregnancy has been caught early enough, the second option is to receive an injection of methotrexate (Trexall). This drug prevents the growth of the cells of the embryo and allows them to be reabsorbed.

The final option is a surgery, which may be either the more common laparoscopy (keyhole surgery) or a laparotomy (open surgery, which may be required if there is a ruptured tube or heavy bleeding). Where possible, the surgeon will opt to create a tiny cut to remove the embryo from your fallopian tube and leave the rest of your tube the heck alone. In more severe cases, the entire tube may need to be removed.

Can I get pregnant after having an ectopic pregnancy?

Yes! But the process may be challenging, particularly if you have had a fallopian tube removed. If you’re ready, talk to your doctor about when it is safe to try again, and consider meeting with a fertility specialist to help you navigate a safe and healthy journey into your next pregnancy.

Let’s also take a second to recognize that an ectopic pregnancy can take a toll on not just your physical body, but your mental health as well.

There’s no denying it: you‘ve experienced a loss and it’s normal to feel a range of emotions including grief, guilt, anger, anxiety, and worry, among about a thousand others. If you’re having a difficult time coping with these feelings, talk to your doctor about your concerns and options. Reach out to your support group and accept their offers to help. And for goodness sake, don’t you dare pick up a single cleaning tool while you’re taking time to let yourself heal (unless, of course, scrubbing floors is where you find your zen).